Skip to content. | Skip to navigation

Personal tools
You are here: Home Cooperative Our Plan Section 2: Science Capacity within the Appalachian Community Federal Departments/Agencies National Risk Management Research Laboratory

National Risk Management Research Laboratory

EPA’s research program is centered on an important organizing principle called the “risk paradigm.” The risk paradigm consists of two interrelated processes: risk assessment and risk management.  Risk management is the identification and prioritization of environmental and health risks (actual or potential threat of adverse effects on living organisms and our environment by effluents, emissions, wastes, resource depletion, etc., arising out of activities), followed by coordinated and economical application of resources to sustainably minimize, monitor, and control the adverse impact events or to maximize the realization of opportunities.

Risk management entails determining whether and how risks are to be managed or reduced. It is based on the results of the risk assessment, as well as on social, economic, and public health and environment factors. Risk management options include pollution prevention or control technologies to reduce or eliminate the risk to humans and the environment. Risk management actions must then be monitored so that any necessary adjustments can be made.

The NRMRL applies risk management research in the following areas (for more information, see

Research Program Area

Research Program

Air, Climate, & Energy (ACE)

Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation

Air Quality Management

Green Buildings and Indoor Contaminants/Asthma

Mercury and Other Persistent Pollutants

Source-Based Strategies

Near Roadway Research


Safe and Sustainable Water Resources (SSWR)

Aging Drinking Water Infrastructure

Aging Wastewater Infrastructure

Distribution Systems Water Quality

Drinking Water Treatment Technologies

Non-Point Source Characterization and Control

Source Water Protection

Watershed Management


Chemical Safety for Sustainability (CSS)

Ecosystems: Place-Based Valuation and Decision Support Studies

Material Management, Waste to Energy, and Resource Conservation of Land Wastes

Mitigation, Management, and Long-Term Stewardship of Superfund Contaminated Sites and Wastes


Environmental Systems Management/Sustainable Metrics Development

Environmental Technology Assessment and Verification

Technology Assessment

Environmental Technology Verification

Sustainable & Healthy Communities (SHC)

Development and Evaluation of Pollution Prevention (P2) Tools

Homeland Security

Safe Pesticides/Safe Products and Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals

Back to Top